Punjabi and Punjab  ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਤੇ ਪੰਜਾਬ



Punjabi Language

'Punjabi' (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ , पंजाबी , پنجابی), also spelled 'Panjabi', is a cultural region straddling the border between West Punjab (Pakistan) and East Punjab (India). History shows that this region, due to the influence of Persian language during the Mughal Period was named as Punjab due to the reason that it has five rivers namely, the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Sutlej, and the Beas. Punjabi is spoken by inhabitants of Punjab region (in Pakistan and India) and also some dialects of Punjabi are spoken in North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, Kashmir and the suburban areas of Punjab.

George Abraham Grierson (1904-1928), a linguist , in his 24 volume Linguistic Survey of India done in1920 mentions that 1503 languages are spoken in India, and Punjabi is one of them. Is Punjabi an Indo-Aryan language or not like many other modern languages of South Asia. There are three different views on this which are as follows:

1) Sanskrit developed from the Vedic language. Spoken Sanskrit changed into Prakrit and Upbharnish which further gave birth to modern Indo-Aryan languages such as Punjabi, Sindhi etc. Therefore, most experts believe that Punjabi contains many words from both Vedic and Sanskrit.

2) The followers of the second theory also consider modern languages of the subcontinent as the Indo-Aryan languages with a difference that these languages directly emerged from the Vedic language. With the first theory raising serious questions, some experts connected modern languages of the subcontinent with the Vedic language. It may also be noted that Sanskrit does not share a common syntax with the modern languages of the subcontinent.

3) The third view takes it as a non-Aryan language. The scholars believe that Since "Rig Veda" was created in Punjab, the Vedic language gave birth to Punjabi and not Sanskrit. This group has carefully studied, questioned and analyzed writings and theories of earlier experts. They do not seem to be impressed by big scholarly names or reputation of the Pundits and the European experts. Instead they draw their own conclusions from all the evidence available. They take their guidance from a host of solid leads, such as, archaeological findings at Swan, Harappa, Sara-i-Khola, etc., migration of the Austric and the Dravidians into Punjab, the numerous references to non-Aryan tribes in the Rig Veda, the abundance of non-Aryan words in Vedic and Sanskrit literature and languages, etc. The syntax of modern languages of the subcontinent has no relationship with that of Sanskrit. All this has not been carefully studied before. [ Did the Punjabi language evolve from Sauraseni Apbharnsha (Shauraseni Apabhransha), which has the influence of earlier Prakrits ? ( details in Punjabi "Punjabi Philology - پنجابی لسانیات and Punjabi Origin - پنجابی دا پچھوکڑ), Various aspect of Urdu, Punjabi, regional languages and national integration].

It is also said that this language is being spoken in this region for centuries. Punjabi emerged as an independent language in the 11th century. Most of the material in this language originates from the 3rd to 10th centuries AD.  And its literature started developing tremendously since the time Muslims came to this part of the world.  According to the available record, the first Punjabi writer is Farid ud Din Ganj Shakar (Baba Farid 1173-1266).

Punjabi language has more than 70 dialects ( see Punjabi to Urdu Dictionary 2009 ) spoken in the different sub-regions of Punjab. Sikhs write this language in Gurmukhi, Hindus in Devanagari and Muslims in Urdu script (Punjabi Alphabet - Shahmukhi).

In Pakistan, the Punjabi speaking territory spans the east-central districts of Punjab Province, ie. Lahore, Rawalpindi, Faislabad, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Sialkot, Jhelum and Gujrat. Lahore, the historic capital city of Punjab is the largest Punjabi speaking city in the world. Lahore has 86% native Punjabis of the total population of the city, and Islamabad, the Capital city of Pakistan, has 71% Native Punjabis of the total population. Punjabi is spoken as a native language by over 2.85% of Indians. Punjabi is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and the shared state capital Chandigarh. It is one of the official languages of the state of Delhi and the second language of Haryana. Thus Indian Punjab is the Punjabi language state. Some of its major urban centers are Ludhiana, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Jalandhar, and Patiala.

Lahnda , old Hindvi (Moors), Hindvi and Lanhda Lahori are taken as Punjabi by different universities; whereas, the actual Punjabi is Western Punjabi (Lahnda=Shahpur Doabi ) and Eastern Punjabi (Lahori=Majhi) . As mentioned by Insha in his book ' دریائے لطافت ' in 1802 Punjabi was used for these two Punjabis. This site will give detail on this Punjabi.

جی آیا نوں - اُردو
جی آیاں نوں

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Comments


Tariq
13 Nov 2013, 02:36
Very Good website

Zafar
25 Dec 2013, 22:36
I am very happy to see this website.

punjabi
29 Dec 2013, 11:00
Thanks.

nihal lahori
10 Feb 2014, 06:15
I love this site

admin
10 Feb 2014, 10:27
Thanks.

Muhammad Kashif Kianni
20 Feb 2014, 20:56
I Love panjabi i request u admn please mujy Kardas ki detal total chahey ya us Book ka name bta dy jis me ye detal mill jay k Total Kitny karadars thy sikh rule me un k name village please

Goshma
05 Mar 2014, 11:04
مہربانی سے اگر آپ ذرا تفصیل سے بتا دیں کہ آپ کیا چاہتے ہیں تو آسانی ہو گی۔ آپ سکھوں کے دور کی بات کر رہے ہیں جب کہ کاردار کی بھی بات کر رہے ہیں۔

Mashhood shah
19 Mar 2014, 23:34
Dear sir, I am looking for panjabi bible but in Urdu form of writing as I do not repeat do not understand Gurmukhi dialect.
Please help me. Thanks.
Mashhood

Zahoor
23 Mar 2014, 19:11
I am looking for free urdu to punjabi dictionary both in shah mukhi and gurmukhi.Is it available some where

Punjabi
24 Mar 2014, 07:28
بائبل کے لیے یہاں پر دیکھیں

http://cpfpak.blogspot.com/2009/03/great-deception-with-millions-of.html

Punjabi
24 Mar 2014, 07:34
ظہور صاحب تہاڈا ” فری اردو ” توں کیہ مطلب ہے ڈکشنری تاں پیسیاں نال ہی خریدو گے ناں۔ مشکل ہے کہ شاہ مکھی تے گرومکھی دی اکھٹی ڈکشنری ملے، تے نالے تسی اردو توں پنجابی ڈکشنری لبھدے پئے ہو ناں؟

sher ullah
27 Mar 2014, 22:33
r/sir
actualy i m from fata bajaur .i like punjabi language .plz tel me a book which help me in this rgard actually i am pashto speaker.

SYED MOHD ARSHAD
19 Jul 2014, 06:52
nice website.

Mhmus Ahmad Bhatti
29 Aug 2014, 23:21
I am punjabi lover. I want to join the punjabi lovers in Pakistan.

punjabi
31 Aug 2014, 15:45
Thanks, please visit facebook.com/ShahmukhiPunjabi


Raza
21 Oct 2014, 01:06
My parents migrated to Pakistan from the border areas of Ambala and Patiala. We speak a language that we call "Rangri". Can anyone tell me what is its name in India, as Rangri language does not exist in the list of languages spoken in India.

Admin
22 Oct 2014, 09:04
Rajastani, which forms the second largest language group in the District is spoken in various dialects, of which Malvi is most widely spoken. Its relation with Marwari and Jaipuri is distinct.

"The form of Malvi spoken in the area round about Indore is called RANGRI, which is distinguished by its preference for Marwari forms. A Rajistani dialect, Malvi shows now and then a tendency to shade off into Bundeli or Gujrati. In Malvi there is an usual Rajistani tendency to pronounce ai as e, and au as o.
"As compared with Rangri, Malvi shows a decided, but not universal preference for dental cerbral letters."

[Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteers: Hoshangabad
By Madhya Pradesh (India)]

Aasi Jatt
06 Jan 2015, 16:17
Great Website.. Author G Rab Thonu lammi zindgi dewe... thanks for this site...

admin
09 Jan 2015, 00:22
حوصلہ افزائی دا شکریہ

Boota jhanger
08 Feb 2015, 05:30
I wan learn shahmukhi please help me

admin
10 Feb 2015, 01:30

BootaJhanger Sahib , Check these pages :

http://www.punjabiandpunjab.com/Alphabet_Shahmukhi_Punjabi.html
http://www.punjabiandpunjab.com/punjabi_lesson.html

ameet kumar parmar
17 Mar 2015, 02:07
Thanks god punjabi is not a colloquial language.
Colloquial language is those language which is only spoken neither written.

Kashif Kiani
19 Mar 2015, 08:35
Sir, Kardar jo thy skh and British period me hoty thy jin ko Revenue officers, Nazim and Governor and Collecttor officers b kahty thy

admin
22 Mar 2015, 03:12
جی آپ نے ٹھیک کہا ۔کاردار “ کارندا، اہل کار، کام کاج کرنے والا” کو کہتے ہیں۔ سکھّوں کے وقت میں معاملہ اُگراہنے والا افسر کاردار کہلاتا تھا۔ آپ نے ان کی تفصیل پوچھی تھی وہ ہمارے پاس نہیں ہے معذرت قبول کریں۔

Vikram
15 Apr 2015, 05:57
I have seen your website and you guyz are doing excellent job. I'm from Punjab,India and I was looking for some information about shahmukhi. Thanks buddies. I also love to see some articles if you are having any on Punjab before partition.

Anonymous
24 Apr 2015, 14:19
Please sign this petition asking for equality for the Punjabi language: http://tinyurl.com/o3g3yeh

zobi
26 Apr 2015, 00:41
i like this

Mian Shoaib Humdardi
16 May 2015, 01:03
sir g meno punjabi zaban nal bara pyar e te men chahna keh meno kise punjabi akhbar wich tehsil reporter bana dita jawe men punjabi wich masters kar reha wan

mohammad younas fatehpury
23 Jul 2015, 08:33
mery saryan bharawan noon mery goorha salam.
mery arz ay k lohor toon chappan aala mheena war Lehraan.web te ch
ahrya jay.




younas fatehpury.

admin
14 Aug 2015, 16:42
ایہہ کم تاں رسالے نوں چھاپن والے ہی کر سکدے ہے کیوں جے ایہہ اوہناں دی ملکیت ہے۔

عباس دھوتھڑ
23 Aug 2015, 13:58
پنجابی شاہمکھی چ اک بوہت ای ودھیا سائیٹ اے ، پنجابی شاہمکھی ویکیپیڈیا ،اس سائیٹ دا ایڈریس ای وے
pnb.wikipedia.org/wiki/

ایہہ پنجابی شاہمکھی چ پہلا انسائیکلوپیڈیا اے ، اس سائیٹ تے آؤ، پنجابی چ پڑھو تے جے ہو سکے تے ماں بولی دی خدمت پنجابی چ لکھ ۔کے کرو

aather farid
09 Sep 2015, 05:48
Pakistan main punjabi language ko kafi HUD tak khatam kiya JA rah a hai

ShahidHassan
13 Sep 2015, 05:32
Under a devilish plan all Pakistani languages like Punjabi are being slowly killed off. We have to resist this establishment mischief. It will lead to big tragedy.

mukhjeet Singh
03 Oct 2015, 05:54
Urdu and punjabi typing page

Muhammad Ashfaq Ayaz
22 Oct 2015, 10:53
Very happy to visit the website and I will be happy to see the full version soon.

admin
23 Oct 2015, 16:17
Thanks

Waqas
02 Nov 2015, 02:39
ڈگا کھوتی توں غصّہ کمہار تے
سر جی مینوں ایس دا مطلب تے سمجھ لگ گیا کے کم اپنے کولوں مندا ہویا تے غصہ کسے ہور اتے کری جاندا اے
پر میں ایس دی تفصیل پوچھنا چاہنا واں کے کھوتی تو ں ڈگ کے بندہ کمہار تے غصہ کیوں کرے گا. کتے اے تے نہیں کے ایتھے پانڈے دے دگن دی گل ہو رہی اے

Goshma
03 Nov 2015, 22:54
ڈگا کھوتی توں غصّہ گھمیار تے ، جد کوئی کسے ہور دا غصّہ کسے ہور تے کڈھن لگ پئے تاں آکھی دا ہے۔ مطلب ہے کہ بندہ نوں تکلیف تے کسے کولوں پہنچے پر اوہ ایہدا غصّہ کسے ہور تے لاہ دیوے، ایسے لئی کہاوت وِچ دو مختلف چیزاں دا ذکر ہے۔

jagwinder singh sidhu
21 Nov 2015, 17:00
Mehrbaan! Aaap ji di bahut meharbani hazoor.
Mein Sikh haan Canada wich 'tey hun Shahmukhi sikh riha haa iss site taun.
Hore wee beginner sabak paao ithey!

admin
23 Nov 2015, 22:56
شکریہ ۔ کوشش کراں گے۔

Waqas Idrees
01 Dec 2015, 15:33
اسلام و علیکم
جناب میں تہاڈے کولوں اک گل پوچھناچاہنا ہاں- او اے ہے کے جی جس طرح اردو وکیپیڈیا فونٹ دے نال اردو نوں دیخاندااے تے پنجابی وکیپیڈیا وچ فونٹ کیوں نہیں ہیگا

ایس دے واسطے کوشش ہو رہی ہے کے نہیں کیوں جے فونٹ شامل ہو گیا تے لکھن والیاں دی تعداد وی ود جاوے جی
https://pnb.wikipedia.org/wiki/

admin
03 Dec 2015, 12:21
ایس دا جواب تاں پنجابی وکیپیڈیا دا ایڈمن ہی دے سکدا ہے۔

shahid imran
11 Dec 2015, 02:49
سر تسی بہ‍ں ودھیا کم کر رہے او تے اس نوں جاری رکھنا رب میرا سوہنا رب تہاڈی مدد کرے

Adeel
04 Feb 2016, 01:45
Janab ji, menu punjabi shahmukhi dictionary chahidi aa kithon labhu gi. Punjabi to Punjabi yani mushkil ya thet lafzan di meaning lye. Help kro.

admin
04 Feb 2016, 22:43
ڈکشنری تسی پاکستان پنجابی ادبی بورڈ لاہور توں لے سکدے او۔
دو جلداں دی ایس ڈکشنری دی قیمت 3500 روپئے ہے تے تہاڈے شہر وِچ کتھے ملو ایہہ تے نہیں پتا، جملہ حقوق پاکستان پنجابی ادبی بورڈ لاہور کول ہن۔ پنجابی بورڈ نال رابطہ ایس نمبر تے کر سکدے او : 03004117262 ، تے سچل سٹوڈیوز 03008479351

Daud Shehzad Sherpuriya Doggar
24 Mar 2016, 13:16
Hi hello te Aslam u Alaikum

Sbb dostan veeryan nu te yar 1 problem wan o thodday naa share krna chonna me!
Me song writer wan me Punjabi song likhdaan wan te paaji song reject ho janda hrr waar kissi na kissay singer wallon tan hun mtllb a aa k word strong nai mere veer te menu koi aisi book dsso jo menu training dway best te strong lafzaan di aa msslay da hlll dsso takkay me kamyaab ho skkaan khas krr admin sàáâb aggr kuch dassn tan bot bot mehrbaani aa g thanks

admin
31 Mar 2016, 13:46
@ Daud Shehzad Sherpuriya Doggar

ساڈا مشورہ تاں ایہو ای ہے کہ تُسی پُرانیاں پنجابی دیاں کتاباں پڑھو تاں جے تُہانوں چنگے پنجابی لفظ مِل سکن۔

Kashar
12 Apr 2016, 18:28
This is for Jagwinder Singh Sandhu.
I am in GTA and will happily help you in learning Shahmukhi.
You can contact me by email kashartasneem@gmail.com

Ram Mohan
22 Apr 2016, 05:44
Dear Kashar,
I am an Hindu from India. But I am neither Punjabi, nor muslim. I am person with love to all langauges of our subcontinent. we People of suncontinent must try to preserve all our languages and scripts, where it is hindi, Urdu, Panjabi, Bengali, telugu, sindi, Marathi etc, which is only way to preserve our culture. both constitutions of india, pakisthan, Bangladesh all say we must conserve our language, but madness and slavery to English, is destroying all our languages.

ram mohan,
india

Sarbjit
03 May 2016, 10:28
Great website <a href="http://alldidigames.com">didi games</a>

عزیز صفدر
14 Jun 2016, 03:15
جے تُسی لُوکی پنجابی شاہ مکھی اتے گُرمکھی تو انگریزی 'چ مفت ڈکشنری لبھ رہے ہو تے ایس بارلَیاں
جوڑاں تے طق کرو
https://pnb.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%BE%DB%81%D9%84%D8%A7_%D8%B5%D9%81%DB%81
اتے
http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/default.aspx
اتے
http://www.punjabiandpunjab.com/Punjabi_Vocablary.html
اتے
http://www.learnpunjabi.org/statistics.html
پریشان ہَووَن دی کوئی گَل نعیں بس ایہناں بھراواں دا شکریا ادا کرو جیہناں نے ساڈے لئی پنجابی نو آسان اتے مفت بنا چھَڈَیا اے۔

admin @ عزیز صفدر
14 Jun 2016, 15:14
ایتھے لنک شیئر کرن دا شکریہ

dr.izhar ahmad gulzar
22 Jun 2016, 02:30
very informative website ..i appreciate you so much...stay blessed.!

admin @ dr.izhar ahmad gulzar
25 Jun 2016, 02:40
دعا دا بہت شکریہ۔

Nadeem
01 Jul 2016, 12:02
Salam,

First of all I really appreciate your efforts to promote Punjabi language Sir. On the other hand it is really sad that there are not many websites which promote Shahmukhi Punjabi.

Having said that, I like to share my thoughts with you all. I am from the "new" generation whose parents are speaking Punjabi with each other but speak Urdu with their children. That is really annoying me. I often tried to speak Punjabi with my parents but they have always discouraged me to to so. Seeing that, other Pakistani Punjabi automatically communicate with you in Urdu even though you spoke in Punjabi to them. Unlike Indian Punjabis I have witnessed that Pakistani Punjabi don´t take pride in Punjabi. Even those young Muslim Punjabis who grew up with Punjabi don´t pass it on to their children. Altough my Punjabi is not good I try to speak Punjabi with my children but I don´t see any light at the end of the tunnel. Not a single Pakistani child in my circle of friends is growing up with Punjabi. So is it even of use to speak Punjabi with your children? My whole family including my wife is talking in Urdu with them. Apart from few websites like yours Shahmukhi is being promoted nowhere.

There are no TV channels (For children and adults alike), youtube clips for children, Radio stations nor any news paper which promote Punjabi in Pakistan. Only Sikhs are taking Punjabi forward and I feel so ashamed and sad that Pakistani Punjabis abandoned Punjabi language and switched to Urdu instead. I don´t see a bright future for Muslim Punjabis. I really don´t know what to do. Am I the only one who is so saddened and desperate about the fate of Punjabi amongst Pakistanis or are there more Muslim Punjabis who share the same feelings? I guess most do not bother. Sir in such a hopeless situation what can one do to keep Punjabi alive or is it better to accept this sad truth? Thanks

admin @ Nadeem
02 Jul 2016, 05:40
تسی جو لکھیا ہے اسی تہاڈے خیالات دی قدر کردے ہاں ، تسی بلکل ٹھیک کیہا کہ اسی پنجابی ہی پنجابی نوں نقصان پہنچا رہے آں۔ اج جے پنجابی زندہ ہے تے پنڈاں دے لوکاں دی وجہ نال زندہ ہے یا چند ادارے جیویں پاکستان پنجابی ادبی بورڈ وغیرہ پنجابی دی خدمت کر رہے ہن۔ ساڈی ایہہ کوشش ایسے لئی ہے  کہ اسی انٹرنٹ اُتے پنجابی بارے لکھاں گے تے اَج دی نسل جیہڑی انٹرنٹ تے سارا دن گذاردی ہے شائد اوہناں دی نظر وچ آ جائے۔



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